You can decorate any country site, even very small, with the help of a water garden. It is not necessary to acquire the basis in the store, you can make it by yourself. To create such a garden with your own hands will take a little time, and the cost will be minimal in this case. You can make a garden of small size, so it does not take up much space on the territory and at the same time is mobile.
Water garden to be able to transport should be small in size, for example, 800x400x250 millimeters. It can be made of boards available in the dacha, such as cedar, fir or pine board of thickness of 25 millimeters. If desired, the size of your water garden can be increased, but the too large size of such product does not allow to move it from place to place due to the fact that the body of the water garden can be tough enough.
Creating a water garden
At the marked bottom of the box should be established a board separator. The ratio of water and earth stations, you can choose any, for example, 3: 1. For the tightness of the internal compartments of a water garden, you will need plastic liners that you can make yourself or use the ready ones. The easiest way – is to miss the compartments several times with hermetic. Just be careful if you are going to have fish in the water part, the used sealant must be suitable for such use and must not be toxic.
Fill in the dry bay of a water garden. To do this, you need to drill holes for drainage in the bottom of this compartment, then fill it with the soil. If the alleged plants for planting have different requirements for care, it is necessary to place them in separate containers.
To plant aquatic plants, the bottom compartment is required to be put with bricks. This will allow placing the containers with plants below the water level of about 5 centimeters. As containers can be used, ordinary flower pots or plastic bottles, cut to the required size. Tanks are filled with earth, short of about 2 cm to the edge. In soil are planted plants, and the land on top is sprinkled with small pebbles. Decorative elements can supplement the aqueous part. If you decide to breed fish, then you can put into the water algae, which are sold in any pet store, for extra producing of the oxygen necessary for fishes.
When the summer comes, the water fountains start to delight our eyes and attract us with their coolness. And the infinite sound of falling water always raises our spirits. The fountain in the square, city apartment, in the yard of country-house or on the small garden-plot is the best way to decorate the territory. People have built the fountains since ancient times. At that time they served as town water supply, while their lower bowls were used for washing on a hot day. Today everyone can afford the decorative water fountain.
There are indoor and outdoor water fountains. They are used both for practical purposes and for the interior decoration. For example, the wall fountain “mill” decorates the ethnic cuisine restaurants. In a hot climate, the waterfall with a murmurous water jet reduces the air temperature in the apartments and regulates the humidity. Patio can’t do without a fountain with a big bowl, replacing the pool, where you can swill your feet after the walk on a dusty road or have a bath.
The outdoor water fountains decorate the squares, parks and railway stations. They can be equipped with complicated mechanism (for example, “vocal” or “dancing” fountains, illumination or colored jets). The plainer fountains can be the fitting decoration of your garden plot. It can be the whole system of waterfalls with islets or bridges, flowing streams and geysers, getting from under the stones. The main of these fountains is the decoration of landscape design. Even a small water reservoir in the cottage, for instance, a little pond with the fountain in the center and the beautiful plants among the stones, can become a masterpiece. It’s also possible to connect the series of cascade fountains. And the different kinds of illumination can create a unique atmosphere for an evening gathering with friends to eat kebabs.
There are different materials used for making fountains: stones and seashells; foam and cement; gypsum and china; plastic and ceramics; marble and wild stone.
If the geophysical conditions in the area of private housing allow it, you can use the natural landscape slope so that the fountains or cascade ponds work without an electric motor. One pipeline is enough to carry the water from the spring, whose level is situated above. The combination of level difference and the calibration of holes in the influent pipes provide the required water pressure. Sometimes the principle of communicating vessels creates the necessary pressure without a hydraulic pump.
The small garden fountain provides the coolness, aesthetic pleasure, and stress coping at a time.
Fountains are adorable! Relive the pond, setting a fountain in it. Spurting water will create a unique effect, surprising and delighting all who comes to the garden. In addition, fountains are useful because during the work they enrich the air with oxygen.
Essentially, fountains – are a jet of water of different configurations, which rise up and fall down with sparkling drops. This simplicity is not always appreciated, so the search is on for a more refined method of spraying water.
The variety of shapes of fountains and spraying of water, can be achieved with the help of modern underwater pump. Beginners, perhaps, better to choose a simple spraying fountain, jets of various shapes are created with interchangeable nozzles adapted for typical underwater pumps.
Types of fountains:
- Fountain – geyser is perfect for an open, windswept area. For it you need a powerful underwater pump.
- Fountain – bell. The most calm kind of structure for running water. They are good to use in small formal ponds, quiet corners of the garden, or in the mini – reservoirs of natural style.
- Simple separating jet. Water drops in large drops. These fountains are good for places where sunbeams create a play of light.
- The spray jet. It creates a very nice visual effect and produces magical sounds. Good for small reservoirs.
- A single nebulizer. It looks good on any water body.
In fact, you can collect the entire collection of tips, feeding jets of various shapes, and change them at will.
There are rules regulating the use of fountains: if the garden is windswept it is reasonable to limit the height of any jet fountain with half of radius of the reservoir. In sheltered garden, a jet of water at a height may be equal to the diameter of the pond or pool.
Simple single fountain jet is often a visual center, but it also can be used to separate spaces or interrupting perspectives, forcing the viewer to stop before going further.
Single-jet fountains are also used in asymmetrical design for contrast. More photo water fountains – here
Pumps and filters.
Pumps with filters are used for pumping water. They work from the network and through the impeller take water into one end of the water tap line and deliver it at the other end connected to the water body, such as a fountain.
There are two main types of pumps:
- low voltage submersible
- high voltage located on the surface of water.
In ponds and fountains, we basically only use submersible pumps. Circuit breaker eliminates the danger of electric shock. To each pump is attached also the filter and more often it is built directly into the pump, but sometimes (when the size of the pond is great) it is installed detached from the pump.
Thinking over the design your garden-plot landscape, you should equip the recreation area with some water components, such as pond, stream or even better- waterfall. However, if you wish, you can make a combine three of them perfectly; especially as the sounds of murmiurous water has soothing and relaxing effect. Even 15-20 minutes of such “water session” create the feeling of peace and relaxation.
The great variety of materials allows creating the waterfall on your garden-plot with your own hands. Besides, it is possible to arrange the waterfall even on the territory of small garden-plot. The main thing is to carefully think over the line of falling water, so that it blends with the ambient space. But if the backyard is small, the construction must be simple.
There are different kinds of artificial backyard waterfalls:
It’s worth noting that even the small waterfalls can introduce an attractive look of water jets and freshness to the atmosphere of the private backyard. This beautiful decorative element is often included in the overall design of rock garden, pool or artificial pond.
However, there are other variants of the artificial waterfalls’ arrangement. We’ll tell you about the most popular options:
- Table with waterfalls. To start with, there are tables in any backyard, for example, in the recreation area, summer kitchen or for the serving of light repasts and drinks.
- Wall fountains are the walls, created by the water jets. They can look very differently, but the most popular are the vertically falling string, creating a beautiful curtain. But the water jets, falling along the house front, look no less effective.
- Grottos with the waterfalls are the compositions of water and stone. They look unusually attractive and give the pleasant feeling of coolness, which is especially important on a hot summer day. The artificial stone is usually used for the creation of such compositions. It would be good to include the waterslides to the design. And the colored lighting will be a perfect complement to the composition, adding it beauty in the hours of darkness.
The waterfall or cascade will blend perfectly with the landscape design of any garden-plot.
Home decorative fountain is not a simple decoration. It’s a quite functional device, which has a positive impact on our mental state, promotes rest and relaxation. The person, contemplating the waterfall, relaxes and forgets about all problems. You can look at the fountain long enough, as at the same time you contemplate how the pictures rising up before your mind appear in the water. Your thoughts flow slowly as the water of falls. After sitting like this for a while, you feel a new man.
Of course, natural, or “real” waterfall is one of the best sights. That’s why the decorative fountains became the main design elements, giving any room an original look and increase its external prestigiousness.
The home water features are widely used. If you have a winter garden in your apartment, the waterfall will complete it perfectly. The waterfall, installed in the room, will add it comfort and atmosphere of peace and relaxation. The waterfall will be the center of home peace, as the purl of water has a soothing effect. The decorative fountains are also very popular in the offices, where they opportunely complete the recreation areas or meeting rooms. The waterfalls are commonly used at the restaurants, shopping and entertainment centers and cafes.
The operating principle of home decorative fountain is quite simple. The distilled water, whose stream is continuous, flows down its steep surface. There is water storage, acting as support, in the bottom of the waterfall. The powerful but almost noiseless pump supplies distilled water to the upper storage (made in the form of rectangular or cylindrical box-cover). The water is carried to the upper part of the waterfall by means of overflow or the system of pulverizers.
The process of waterfall installation can represent greater or lesser complication depending on the chosen model. There are both miniature and large ceiling-high home water fountains on sale.
Besides, if you’re going to but the home waterfall as present, remember that some people are ill-disposed towards the sound of water and the high humidity. So, solving a question of the present and the size of chosen fountain, make sure that the supposed done will like the present.
Even a small child won’t be drowned in this waterfall, as it has no open water source. However, you’ll be able to enjoy the movement and murmur of water, several cascades and a small stream. You can create it all without an open waterfall. The trick is in the underground pump chamber. It is hidden with the stones and pebbles. The filtration goes through this filling. There is a receiving bowl with the pouring in the upper part of the cascades. It is connected with the pump chamber by means of corrugated hose. The whole construction is installed in the waterproofing area, which excludes the leakage of water from the pondless waterfall. The stream bed and cascades are made of stone.
It is very pleasant to have an open waterfall with crystal clear water on the garden-plot. It creates a nature comfort and gives the additional humidifying and coolness. If you have an opportunity, you can complete it with the stream and cascades. As elsewhere, there is no limit to perfection: you can build a bridge over the stream or pond, install the stationary of floating fountain, and complete the composition with the fog generator or decorative lighting. All the installed equipment can be controlled remotely.
Water is a center of attraction of any garden. Sitting at the water, we experience the most unusual feelings: enjoy the coolness on a hot day, contemplate the ripple in a light breeze, rest and calm down. Perhaps, that’s why the artificial waterfall is one of the most visited places in the garden. It is enough to look at the decorative water feature to determine the character and style of the whole garden. In the regular landscapes, the artificial water reservoirs are symmetrical.
They have a strict geometric shape (square, rectangle, and circle). They are often decorated with the fountains, sculptures and flowerpots. The unnatural symmetry, deliberate artificiality of the waterfall outlines creates the special feeling of solemnity and even some kind of theatricality. At first sight, you can even overlook the artificial pond in the landscape garden, as it hides in an overgrowth and opens to the view of person, walking among the trees and flowers, suddenly, as if by magic. Such decorative pond doesn’t have sharp outlines, especially if its shore is overgrown with the coastal plants. The principle of asymmetry and romantic mood reigns in the surrounding landscape. You can feel the isolation from the world, seclusion and peace.
The decorative water features have their own character. Whatever decorative pond you have, it fills your garden with the sense of peace, comfort and cheerfulness.
The indoor water features are gradually coming into our houses. They help to create a luxurious and unusual interior where you feel like at the waterfall in the wood. It’s not a secret that the sound of dropping water promotes the practice of meditation and increases its effect. Some specialized companies offer a lot of unusual variants: table streams, rock panels used for the decoration of halls or lobby of establishments.
This kind of decoration is called aquadesign. There is also a phytodesign, implying the use of plants in the interior decoration. As a rule, the available aquadesign is completed with the suitable plants or trees. The fountains out of artificial stone create an excellent imitation of the natural environment indoors.
The waterfalls are completed with the special devices, such as above-water and underwater lighting, giving the ensemble some mysterious look. This effect can be also achieved with the help of installed compressors, diffusers, hazes and neon.
Everybody knows that the water increases the air humidity indoors, which is useful for the human body. The lungs and other respiratory organ require the moisture-laden air. Unfortunately, lately we can observe the increase of asthma and chronic bronchitis. It can be explained by the fact that we almost always sit at the air-conditioner, ventilator, heating radiators and other devices, drying our skin and lungs. And the small stream, as a little part of nature, will bring you comfort and sense of relaxation. Even the wise men think that only the unity with nature can make the person happy.
The artificial stone, used for the creation of water features, has the following properties:
- Lightness and mobility: the whole collection of waterfalls can be easily moved to any place. Even woman can easily install this device at home or in the apartment;
- It is absolutely safe both for the human and for the indoor plants and domestic animals;
- All the color shades imitate the natural rocks. They experts reproduce the authentic colors in their creation, which makes the artificial stone close to the natural;
- Light- and water-resistance: all the available models can be in the water medium, and be exposed to the sunlight of any intensity;
- Reliability and firmness.
If you think that your pond does not have enough dynamics and movement, you should set the fountain.
With the help of fountain pumps and different fountain nozzles you can arrange in your pond a real water show above the water surface. In addition, you will fully provide your pond with oxygen.
The most important part of the fountain is the pump. Ordinary household pumps do not work here, because they would wear out too quickly. A fountain should run virtually without a break throughout the summer. It is better to opt for one of the models with a working resource from 30 to 50 thousand hours. In terms of the five warmest months of the year, from May to September, the service life of the pump is between 9 and 13 years old. The pump is usually installed at the bottom of the reservoir, on concrete or metal stand, so as not to clog the particles of soil and sand – the main enemy of the fountain equipment. Also there are floating models. Fountain pumps work on electricity. For the reliability of the pump filters, that protect the engine from clogging, are integrated into the mechanism. Most of the pumps allow you to adjust the water flow rate – this is important, especially when it comes to small water bodies.
The height of the fountain depends on the water pressure and the size of the reservoir, the form of water picture – on the nozzle. The nozzle forms a water flow and that ultimately determines the appearance of the fountain. The choice of nozzles, perhaps, gives the greatest pleasure, because the number of water paintings is colossal and types are quite different. Often homeowners buy several different nozzles and change them depending on your mood. Nozzles for fountains are made of plastic, steel or copper. Some of them are raised above the pond mirror, while others are drown in the water. Others are going under gravel to create the effect of a spring battering from the water. The simplest and therefore the most common design is a stream one. Although a lot of them is difficult to call simple one: there are spinning flowers and foam pillars and traditional French gardens “pirouettes” on a graceful curved frame. Technologically nozzles like “bell” and “lava” are a little more compound. They force the water out through the gap between the two disks and form a continuous thin coating in the form of a hemisphere. The most common types of nozzles are lava (the bell), the volcano (cascade), and a geyser.
Interior, sculptures and indoor fountains serve as a decorative ornament on the balcony or terrace, just where you need it. Water intake is carried out in the lower part of the pump and, through the rotation of a balanced rotor work particularly quiet. Filter basket is made of stainless steel, which ensures long-lasting operation of the pump.
Garden fountains become more and more popular at the design of private sites, even so they have long been a traditional element of garden decor. Everyone wants to decorate his garden or smallholding, giving it a certain luxury and exclusivity, and garden fountain is the best solution. With it you can create a beautiful piece of paradise, where you and your family can relax and have rest while listening to the murmur of water. Water has a positive effect on a person, it helps to get rest and restore the mind, and the murmur of thin water streams will give you a romantic mood, casts pleasant thoughts.
It is incredibly nice to sit near a garden fountain on a summer day; water spray will help freshening up not only for you, but it also will add moderate moisture for plants to your site. Fountains will help you to restore vitality and strength, to move away from everyday life problems. That is why waterfalls and fountains for the garden will find the proper use anywhere. In order to transform your garden and decorate it with a “zing”, you only need to buy a garden fountain and enjoy not only decorative element, but also an indicator of prestige, nobility and solidity. Guests who see your garden fountain for the first time will be sure that you have a strong sense of beauty and good taste. Decorative fountains can be placed in any garden or at the cottage. You can buy a fountain for the cottage, decorating it with a graceful sculpture, or buy a fountain for the garden, but you need to bear in mind that its appearance should ideally fit into the landscape design creating the necessary atmosphere and mood.
All fountain operation depends on a pump, it is the base. Flow is regulated by atomizers, they spray water in different ways, e.g. simply upwards or cascaded, spiral or horizontally. If you want to buy a garden fountain or a cottage fountain, you need only to choose the sculpture to taste. It can be an elegant classic, antique style, rustic simplicity or natural forms. This variety of sizes and shapes allow to place fountains both at large and at the small courtyard.
On the open area without trees and outbuildings large artsy fountain will look good. It is better to set away from the house, as because of the strong flow the walls may dampen. In the garden small decorative items will look perfect. They can be installed near the gazebo or benches, so you can admire the sparkling water and a nice rest. You can buy a garden or cottage fountain in different sizes, shapes and styles, for example hi-tech, made of stainless steel and composite materials. The market presents a variety of garden fountains, pond fountains and indoor decorative fountains out of natural materials.
As for wall fountains, they fit perfectly into the atmosphere of the patio, backyard, a winter garden and other facilities, where often there is not enough space for the construction of a reservoir or a large fountain.
Various forms of the nozzle (the most popular are animal masks) act as a kind of addition to the design. Fountain reservoir should be large enough, because particularly there will be a pump.
The reservoir may be located shortly below the nozzle or in the base of the wall. Since the container is filled with water it has a large mass, it is necessary to take care of high-strength fasteners.
When the wall fountain is designed, many are faced with the problem of masking the tube which connects the nozzle and the pump.
You can mount it on the wall or cover with openwork screen, twin with plants.
Also, it is possible to stretch the back side wall.
For wall fountain two decorative items are required: water flows from one (for example, the head of a lion or a god), and pours into another one.
In fact, a small bowl of water plays a role of a “step” in a wall fountain, because the water does not stay in it, gradually as filling it drains into a large tank (where due to the uncomplicated mechanism it is fed back to the sources).
Traditionally, decorative elements have to be made of light in the processing stone (e.g., sandstone), ceramic or metal (lead, copper).
Under the decorative elements a tank should be equipped, where the main water supply will be located. Its design is decorative ponds-based, paving the wall with insulating foil, pouring of waterproof concrete or installing a ready plastic form.
The depth of the reservoir should correspond to the power of the pump used for water supply – it is usually one-third more than the height of the mechanism. The width depends on your individual preferences (it cannot be narrower than a decorative bowl diameter plus 20 cm on the spread of the jets).
Decorative elements are fixed to the wall only after the water tank is ready and will be drilled in the wall opening for communication. They must be fastened securely with the help of powerful anchors.
At the bottom of the tank the pump is installed right next to the wall on which decorative details will be mounted. It has to be connected to the mains in full compliance with safety regulations (outlet should be located inside the building, and all used materials to pass the appropriate waterproofing control).
The pump and the top decorative detail, from which water flows are connected with a hose, stretched through the holes in the wall and a secured with braces. For the wall fountain communications hoses made exclusively from high-strength plastic or flexible copper pipe should be used.
The bottom tank is filled with water after completion of all work with portable hose (usually once in the beginning of the season). If the selected model does not allow the pump to control the power of the water supply it is necessary to install on the hose or on the tube a special valve, which regulates the pressure.
A small fountain in the backyard that does not require wiring, which is activated at sunrise, is the perfect solution for the exterior of your home. Solar powered fountains are a relatively new invention, which has already gained a lot of fans. Its quite simple design provides an installation devoid of any inconveniences. Solar pond fountains maintenance also does not take much time. There are fountains different versions of these fountains, depending on the company’s products and customer requirements.
Fountains on solar batteries are a great alternative to traditional types of fountains. Their main advantage is the autonomy of the pump that does not require power. As it is clear from the title, fountains work because solar energy accumulated by solar cells. By way of installation of solar panels, there are two types of fountains:
- Solar powered fountains with built-in photocells
Solar panels are located directly in the bowl of the fountain. They can be used in any place open to the sunlight: lawn, terrace, near the beautiful swimming pool or in front of the main entrance to the house. Floating solar fountains can be put down into a pond or lake.
- Solar powered fountains with remote photocells
Solar cells of these fountains are mounted on a separate panel, which can be located pretty far away from the fountain. Similar models can be used along the tree-lined park paths, a gazebo at the closed terrace. Solar-powered garden fountains can be installed under any tree, hanging solar cells panel on the upper branches.
Using landscape fountains with solar cells eliminates the need for owners to spend unattractive open wiring or concealed electrical works. The cost of solar-powered fountains is lower than traditional models’ one.
But there are also some disadvantages that should be considered:
- Fountains operate only while the sun is shining. In the evening and night pumps stop working.
- Due to the fact that the intensity of sunlight is constantly changing, fountains work with variable pressure. You will not have an ability to adjust the power of the jet.
- Sunlight even in winter will cause the pump. As you can imagine, it will quickly lead to pump failure. Therefore, in the winter it is recommended to remove the fountains in a dark room or store them at temperatures above 0 ° C.
Despite some shortcomings, solar-powered fountains are becoming increasingly attractive for owners of private houses. A wide range of different styles and models allows to choose a fountain of the right size and design for any kind of landscape.
- Solar powered fountains with built-in photocells
Indoor fountains, designed for different interiors, may be very different in appearance, size and material from which they are made. They are made out of stone, metal, ceramic or even wood. Gift shops, including those that sell indoor plants may offer floor, wall and desktop versions of these products.
So-called ceiling fountains are relatively rare. In this case, water flows from the plafond attached to the ceiling and goes into a special receiver on the floor. When this happens the water column is forming. Most often it is made hollow and a sculpture or a tree is put inside of it.
In other cases, they may look like a tiny river with meandering riverbed, running among the mossy stones that are overgrown with charming indoor ferns. Some of them are lightly jetting upwards, spraying water in a water bowl or gently rolling the stone balls of different sizes. The hollow bamboo tubes, on which water drains, are also an interesting solution for indoor fountain.
To enhance the effect a variety of colored lights and special tools are often used – diffusers that allow you to create a fog, flowing over a basin of “lake” or “waterfall.” All this gives a shade of romance and mystery to the whole composition.
Before placing such a structure in the interior, it must be very well thought-out system of waterproofing. This is important to ensure that unexpected dampness or mold would not appear on the walls or floor of the room. The individual elements of the decor of any fountain also require servicing. For their beauty not to be spoiled by excessively overgrown algae, moss and accumulated silt there is a need of regular cleaning of these parts.
The basis of the indoor fountain is an electrical pump. Its task is to raise the water to the sufficient for the product operation height. As with any other similar equipment, it will require an electrical power outlet that is protected from direct exposure of water.
This is the most miniature of indoor fountains. This category includes tabletop fountains. They look like the look of their larger counterparts, can be very different. These may be metal articles whose beauty is geometric purity sharp lines. This interior decoration is perfect for minimalist ‘technology-related’ style, as, for example, high-tech.
For other styles ceramics will match. The natural color of baked clay, painted with light water coating will be in harmony with the rural style. Color or dark, mottled or monochrome glaze, covering the original terracotta and the original form of clay vessels, allow such a fountain to fit naturally into almost any interior.
Most miniature fountains do not require special preparation, they can be brought out of the store and just put on the table, plugged in and you can enjoy their beauty.