Snowball tree (or Viburnum opulus) is familiar to all. Hearing the word “snowball tree”, many people imagine the bush with healing red berries, ripening in autumn.
The decorative form of snowball tree, noticeable for its snow-white globe-shaped inflorescences, is quite widespread in the gardens and parks.
The appearance of Viburnum tinus differs greatly from that of the well-known Viburnum opulus, although botanically they are the closest relatives.
The decorative peculiarities of Viburnum opulus
Viburnum tinus is the evergreen bush from the Mediterranean countries, growing to 3-4 m under favorable conditions. This plant is used for planting of greenery in the gardens and streets.
The coriaceous oval elongated leaves of Viburnum tinus (up to 12 cm long) slightly resemble Grecian laurel (Laurus nobilis).
The Viburnum tinus isn’t very frost-resistant (it can withstand up to 10 degrees of frost). Nevertheless, even in the hardest winters, the leaves and suckers of Viburnum tinus don’t get frost-bitten. Only its flowers suffer: they fade even with the slightest frost. The ovaries are much more resistant to the low temperatures and can withstand up to 5 degrees of frost.
Viburnum tinus has small flowers, gathered in the corymbose blossom clusters at the ends of suckers. Its elegant white or pinkish flowers with long stamens flower in any season. As a result, this plant species belong to the winter- blooming snowball trees. Only severe drought or frost can prevent Viburnum tinus from flowering. But under the favorable conditions, its flowering renews.
The fruits of Viburnum tinus mature in large quantities from August till November. They are very smart and visible from afar- bright blue with metal shimmer.
The bushes of Viburnum tinus are almost always covered with flowers and ripe fruits, adding this plant high decorative effect.
Viburnum tinus is very sun-loving and doesn’t like shading. So, it is necessary to locate it in a good light.
Viburnum tinus can be used in the planting of greenery as an individual plant. It also serves as a hedgerow, and is used for the creation of flower compositions in the background of the garden.
The ripening of hedgehogs
1. The hedgehogs grow to their maximal size in a month. The size of hedgehog depends on the quantity of seeds, contained inside, and the genetical inheritance from parents.
2. Let the hedgehog ripen and dry on the pistillate parent.
3. After the hedgehog has dried completely, remove it from the pistillate parent and keep it in a dry warm place for several days.
After drying, you can sow the seeds at once or place them in storage. If you’re going to sow them after a while, store them in the hedgehog. Place the hedgehog into the container or small bottle. Don’t forget to mark the date.
1. The seeds need closed container with high humidity for germinating. For this purpose, you can use transparent plastic food container. If necessary, you can use elastic to fasten two parts of container. It is also possible to use other transparent closed containers for germinating.
2. You can make the compound for germinating, using different materials. For example, the small fraction of vermiculite with the addition of pearlite is advisable. You can also use your favorite compound for germinating of leaf cutting. The main thing is that it doesn’t contain too large particles, able to block the growth of seedlings.
3. It is desirable to sterilize the substrate for germinating, to eliminate the possibility of fungus diseases.
4. Open the hedgehog over a small sheet of paper, where you pre-laid the fold.
5. The viable seeds are small. They’re black and shining by sight. The seeds of light brown or dull color come up very rarely.
6. Sow the seeds evenly over the substrate surface with the help of paper fold. The addition of a small amount of sand will prevent the thickened sowing.
7. Moisten the seeds carefully by spraying. The excessive moistening stimulates the growth of seaweed, stifling the sowings.
8. Make sure that you marked the container. You should indicate the origin of seeds and the date of sowing.
9. Place the container under the bright light. The bottom heating also promotes the fast germinating. For this purpose, you must place the hedgehog on the shelf over the lamp, lighting the underlying shelf of the rack.
10. The growths of the viable seeds appear on the 7-28 day after the sowing, but some seeds need more time.