• model aeroplanes
    Air

    History and first models of aeroplanes

    model aeroplanes
    Model aeroplanes

    Advances of balloons had not stopped works on the creation of an aeroplane. On the contrary, the more successful was the work at controlled balloons, the wider was the development activities of researchers and engineers of trying to build airplanes. These works are still going in several directions: the study of the birds’ flight, building models, building a life-size airplanes and theoretical studies.

    Physiologist Marey had subtle experiments on the mechanics of bird flight, and establish a relationship between the size, weight and power of birds. Similar studies were conducted subsequently by famous Otto Lilienthal in Germany and Muyyar in Algeria.
    The Frenchman Alphonse Peno built remarkably stable in flight model with rubber engine – planophores.

    Beautiful flying models were built by Parisian watchmaker Victor Tateno. One of his models equipped with a pneumatic engine that run on two propellers, was tied with a long rope to a peg that was standing in the middle of the smooth ground. It running on this platform, taking off and flying in circles.

    In the US, Samuel Langley built and tested a whole series of models, researching air resistance, the influence of the angle of attack and the lift and drag, determining the position of the center of pressure at different angles of attack, figuring out the laws of sustainability.
    The Englishman Line-Field built a glider with wings and had barred him mounted on a railway platform, and at 65 km / h glider was taking off.

    Australian Hargrove has built an extremely interesting model, which gave no propeller thrust and flapping wings. Such models with air motor or miniature steam engines flew up to 150 and.

    In Russia, many models were built and tested by V.Kress. Vladimir Kotov also built numerous paper models, which had a remarkable stability. Kotov studied the laws of stability and controllability on these models, independently developed all controls and proved their effect in flight.

    Building models has had a great impact on the continued success of airplanes, facilitating the study of the basic laws of aerodynamics and stability.

    Since 1874 Clement Ader has begun to work over the aeroplane in France. This talented engineer and hard worker built several original full-size aircraft; those ones externally have been resembling a bat. These airplanes were equipped with steam engines.

    Last K. Ader aeroplanes were called Avion III with two steam engines with a total capacity of 40 hp. They had a gross weight of about 400 kg. This airplane was tested October 12, 1897 by Ader himself. At the first trial the machine made short takeoffs. In the second test on a windy day Ader was unable to conduct an airplane in the air in the desired direction. Avion fell and broke down. Soulless War Ministry officials refused to fund further Ader experiments and he left works on aeroplanes.

    The famous inventor of machine guns Hiram Maxim led more research in the field of mechanical flight in England. His work included monitoring the flight of birds, laboratory tests of the wings and propellers, the study of the kites and finally building a huge airplane with two steam engines with a total capacity of 350 hp.

  • model airplanes
    Air

    Airplanes model making: brief guide and tips

    model airplanes
    model airplanes

    Professional model making is a painstaking exercise that requires lots of time, perseverance and dedication. For many adults it is an unattainable luxury, not to mention the kids for whom the world is not limited only to the assembling models. How to realize a dream, without scheming individual drawings and losing months and years on a single model? For adolescents and adults, for which model making is a hobby for a lifetime, the prefabricated models of airplanes for gluing is a perfect solution.

    Millions of people around the world enjoy all the pleasures of this kind of scale modeling and it’s obvious. There is no need to design everything from sketches to finishing touches, but the assembled model is a perfect copy of the desired model of the aircraft. In addition, you make the aircraft with your own hands, but do not buy a ready-made one. Prefabricated plastic models of airplanes will be a perfect gift for any inquisitive boy older than eight years, and even for men. As a part of a set in addition to the parts of the aircraft often there are the paint and assembly glue.

    Aircraft models allow to recreate in detail the most famous models of military and passenger aircraft with your own hands. Gathering a plane of fine particles, the child will foster fine motor skills of hands, logical and structural thinking, and while decorating he will foster creative skills and imagination.

    To make an excellent model of aircraft is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance.

    These kits are designed so that the available details perfectly fit together. They are easy to get up in the grooves and held firmly there. To assemble, as models, both domestic and foreign instances of aircraft are available. They can have various years of release and complexity, to be typical or to have a collection interest for connoisseurs. Some models fly on batteries, others require recharging from the mains. In any case, creating such airplanes their energy resource must be taken into account, so to calculate the correct route then and not to lose the air aboard and crash somewhere in the middle of the road because its creator has calculated the possibility of his ‘child’ incorrectly.

    However, above all, toy models of airplanes is a fun game for children, which, from the very beginning of production of such sets for creativity, have a unique opportunity to realize the dream of a bright sky long before being older. And it’s just great! People are always treated with reverence to the aircraft, but to those who know how to raise these iron ‘birds’ in the air with obvious respect. The professions of pilot, aircraft designer, aircraft mechanic have always been considered the most prestigious at the working rankings. The dream of the sky should be cherish, nurture and try to implement as soon as possible. And the task of parents, in this case, is the full support of the child’s hobbies, creating the necessary conditions for his creative work.

  • Air

    Electric airplanes as our near future


    Electric model airplanes

    Electric aircraft has been in a stage of developmental work a long time ago. But now an American start-up, the European aerospace giant Airbus and Chinese aviation manufacturer are in the ranks of those who believe that electric models of planes are ready to fly. If they succeed, the aircraft will be much cheaper and more convenient – for training.

    “Electric planes will change everything, if it comes to the cost of the flight,” – says George Bay, Colorado entrepreneur, participated in several aviation projects. His new company, Aero Electric Aircraft Corporation, plans to prepare a double Sun Flyer flight tests. Solar panels on the wings provide additional charging, and if you leave the aircraft in the sun for a few days, its battery will be fully charged absolutely free.
    Taking into account the cost of maintenance and fuel, Double Sun Flyer will cost just $ 5 per hour, according to Bay, compared with the same Cessna 172 ($ 73 per hour), four-seater, which is often used for training. New Sun Flyer will be priced from 180 000 to 200 000 dollars, which may seem expensive, but the same new 172 costs about 370 thousand dollars.
    Bay hopes that he will be the first manufacturer of electric training aircraft in the US market certified FAA by 2017 or earlier. But he is not alone.

    In April, Airbus aircraft showed a battery-powered E-Fan 2.0. In July, the company said it plans to become the first in the market of electric aircraft for flight schools and begin deliveries already in 2018.

    Two-seater plane, which will be built by the French manufacturer Daher-Socata, can stay aloft for up to two hours. It is not enough for commercial use, but quite decent for training, because the training field of the majority of flights continues for about an hour with no passengers on board. As soon as the plane sits, its battery can be easily replaced by a fresh one and continue flying. By 2019, Airbus also plans to introduce a hybrid version of the four-seater for personal transport. This is the first step of 30-year plan for the development of 90-seat aircraft with electric or hybrid propulsion system, part of an ambitious European program to reduce carbon emissions by 75% by 2050.
    Electric aircraft is developing in China too: now there is the plant under construction, which will produce two-seater Rui Xiang RX1E. The aircraft developed by Shenyang Aerospace University, will be able to fly up to 90 minutes on a full charge. Private aviation develops slowly in China, since its development is complicated by government restrictions, but the pressure allows to look for other, more flexible ways.

    If the cost of batteries will continue to decline and electric planes will spend more time in the air, the growth of the market of petrol engines will slow down, at any rate it will be so for training purposes, where the flights are short and more than two seats are not needed. In addition to cost reductions, electric flight is softer and quieter and the service in general is not difficult due to the lack of moving parts. If you are planning to learn to pilot a private jet, get ready for an electric one.

  • model airplanes for sale
    Air

    Everything you need to know about model airplanes on sale

    model airplanes for sale
    Model airplanes for sale

    Models play an important role in the development of aviation. They help to check the ideas and technical innovations, conduct scientific research. For example, experiments with flying models were very helpful for Alexander Mozhaysky in the creation of the first aircraft. On models he tested the theory and correctness of the assumptions underlying the first aircraft project.

    Flying model is one of the best means to check the correctness of theoretical calculations. Currently, a theory is developed which allows to use the results of experiments carried out with models in wind tunnels at the calculations made for natural planes. Principles of flight, images of many phenomena occurring with aircraft in flight are tested and studied on flying models.

    Do you want to experience the feeling of flying? Purchase one of radio-controlled planes mentioned below. All models of airplanes on the market are grouped by types:

    • Large aircraft
    • Trainers
    • Aerobatic / 3D
    • Copies
    • Park Flyers
    • Gliders
    • Free Flight

    Large airplanes with a wingspan of 2 meters or more are large and have realistic flight characteristics. The most popular ones are series of TOC. These model airplanes are for professional sporters and the dynamics of their behavior in the air is not much different from the real aircraft.

    Trainers as the name implies, are the models for training. If you want to buy a radio-controlled airplane, but do not know where to start – start with the trainer. The basic set of management features, good glider and reasonable price will help you get in the air quickly.

    Aerobatic 3D models are designed to perform complex aerobatic figures. The special shape of the fuselage, the geometry of the wing and control surfaces, as well as accurately calculated loads on the surface, giving you a total freedom in the air. In this class of model aircraft a wide field is opened for the invention of your own stunts.

    Copies of the aircraft are samples of reliability and construction simplicity. The models are made of plywood, wood and balsa using modern technologies of laser cutting. They are notable for the design and outer resemblance to the full-scale originals. In addition, they look great and fly perfectly. Many copies are equipped with retractable landing gear, and additional attachments.

    Gliders are a special type of model aircraft, which due to their design perfectly keep to an air stream. The glider can float in the air (under appropriate conditions and skills) for hours. Depending on your preference, you can choose between the motor or towed, run with your hands gliders or ones with a winch.

    Park Flyers are small airplanes of simple design with simple controls for pleasure of all pilots regardless of their age. Usually, it is a lightweight and durable foam airplane which is not a pity to drop and which forgives many pilot’s mistakes. They may be of various sizes and with varying geometry, but they share the simplicity and availability.

    Free Flight planes are manual started mini-models. These models do not require a complex set of electronics and mechanics. Budget price and beautiful appearance – perhaps that is what you need.

  • model plane kits
    Air

    Model plane kits as a part of outstanding hobby

    Captured people are very enthusiastic about the idea to collect a plane out of a model kit with their own hands. Whatever the impediments to your achievement, the true aeromodeller will overcome all obstacles and gather his model aircraft. And a beginner will experience many ups and downs on the way, aspiring to the dream.

    Actually the process of construction and subsequent operations on the assembled aircraft is a source of pride to its owner. Almost everyone can make a plane with his own hands, if he has the desire. Quality of kit details, the assembly documentation and drawings allows you to build model airplanes with your own hands from wood and safely exploit them in the future. Those who decided to take up the construction of the aircraft for the first time, you must know that construction will take quite a long time and will require maximum effort for the successful completion of the model counterparts. To assemble the flying model from a purchased set, it is not necessary to be an expert in the field of aviation, an engineer in the field of hydraulics and electronics, and it does not necessarily to have a full arsenal of instruments and devices. Models of airplanes do not contain overstructured nodes or systems, so you have simply to assemble your copies of airplanes.

    Purchased kits will help you to realize your dream – to create the radio plane with your own hands, as well as other large-scale copies of modern aircraft and aircraft replicas of past years, say kit fighter of the World War II CURTISS. Construction of your own aircraft can be one of the most interesting activities in your life, but appearing problems can be an obstacle in your way. Do not despair when you face with problems, each found solution will only add you strength and confidence.

    Any model aircraft is a laborious design work and time-consuming exercise for the assembly. Assembling airplane model requires a lot of time and attention, but this hobby allows you to experience unprecedented passion, pride and joy of its creation.

    Aircraft modeling is not just a passion; it’s a lifestyle that promotes the pursuit of the goal. And it does not matter what you construct model aircraft for: in order to recreate the aircraft models of different times, or to storm the new “height” in the competition on aircraft modeling. The higher and faster the model of your aircraft takes off, the brighter the emotions from their favorite hobby you have!